Sedentary behavior and body composition in children of low-and mid-income countries: a review
Este estudo revisou as relações entre o comportamento sedentário (CS) e composição corporal em crianças e adolescentes de países de renda baixa e média. Uma revisão sistemática foi desenvolvida por meio de buscas manuais e eletrônicas em oito bases de dados eletrônicas. Foram incluídos estudos observacionais conduzidos nos países de renda baixa e média, envolvendo crianças entre três e 19 anos de idade. Como resultados, 39 artigos originais foram encontrados (37 transversais, 1 caso-controle e 1 coorte), que, ao todo, apresentaram 75 análises, sendo a maioria delas baseadas em comportamentos de tela (n = 71; 94,7%). No geral, 15 de 25 análises apresentaram associações de risco entre o CS e composição corporal desfavorável. Quando analisadas doses de comportamento sedentário, associações de risco foram veri cadas em distintos pontos de corte: 1h/d (3 de 3 análises encontradas); 2h/d (9 de 16); 3h/d (2 de 5); 4h/d (4 de 5) e 5h/d (3 de 6). O tempo de televisão foi o tipo de CS mais frequentemente associado enquanto risco em todas as categorias. Concluindo, o reconhecimento destas associações é importante tanto para o suporte de futuros estudos, assim como para sua disseminação em mensagens preventivas na população de interesse. Também, estudos longitudinais são necessários para estreitamento das relações causais entre as variáveis
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