Prevalência de aconselhamento para atividade física na Atenção Básica à Saúde: uma revisão sistemática

Palavras-chave: Aconselhamento, Atividade motora, Atenção primária à saúde, Promoção a saúde

Resumo

O aconselhamento tem se mostrado promissor para mudança de comportamento. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar uma revisão sistemática sobre a prevalência de aconselhamento para a prática de atividade física oferecido pelos pro ssionais de saúde e recebido pelos usuários no contexto da Atenção Básica à Saúde. Foram revisadas as bases de periódicos PsycINFO, EBSCOhost, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, LILACS e SciELO. O risco de viés foi avaliado em todos os artigos. Foram incluídos na revisão 44 artigos, destes, 21 investigaram aconselhamento fornecido por profissionais de saúde e 23 analisaram aconselhamento recebido por usuários. A prevalência de aconselhamento variou de 11,8% a 95,0% entre os profissionais (60,2 ± 22,7%) e 4,5% a 61,6% entre usuários (36,6 ± 14,2%). Médicos são os profissionais mais investigados. Usuários com fatores de risco para as doenças crônicas são os que mais relatam receber aconselhamento. O aconselhamento ainda é incipiente na Atenção Básica à Saúde, especialmente pela baixa percepção de aconselhamento recebido pelos usuários. Existe a necessidade de padronizar métodos para avaliar o aconselhamento para prática de atividade física, especialmente no tempo, no tipo e na forma de aconselhar.

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Publicado
11-09-2019
Seção
Artigos de Revisão