Efeito do treinamento físico sobre a inflamação crônica em jovens obesos: uma revisão sistemática

Palavras-chave: Excesso de peso, Inflamação, Citocinas, Adipocinas, Exercício, Jovens

Resumo

A prevalência de obesidade na infância e adolescência aumentou nas últimas décadas e está associada à presença de estado inflamatório de baixo grau. Apesar de o treinamento físico ser considerado importante componente no tratamento da obesidade infanto-juvenil, o seu papel como agente anti-inflamatório em crianças e adolescentes obesos necessita maior exploração. O objetivo do estudo foi revisar estudos sobre os efeitos do treinamento físico sobre os marcadores inflamatórios em crianças e adolescentes com excesso de peso. Foi realizada uma pesquisa nas bases de dados Medline (via PubMed), Scielo, Lilacs e Science Direct, considerando as publicações no período de 1998 a 2016. Foram encontrados 1176 títulos, dos quais 1167 foram excluídos de acordo com os critérios de exclusão, restando nove estudos para a análise. Os marcadores inflamatórios mais utilizados foram o fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-α), proteína C-reativa (PCR), interleucina-6 (IL-6), leptina, adiponectina e resistina. Dos nove estudos revisados, cinco demonstraram melhora em um ou mais marcadores inflamatórios após o treinamento físico. Nenhum dos estudos verificou redução significante nas concentrações de TNF-α, IL-6 ou de resistina. Por outro lado, três estudos verificaram redução nas concentrações de PCR, um redução de leptina e um aumento nas concentrações de adiponectina após o treinamento físico. Dessa forma, não existem evidências suficientes que mostrem associação do treinamento físico e mudanças em variáveis anti-inflamatórias em crianças e adolescentes obesos.

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Biografia do Autor

Wendell Lopes, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Departamento de Educação Física.

Fernanda Errero Porto, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Departamento de Educação Física. Maringá, Paraná, Brasil.

Claudia Regina Cavaglieri, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

Faculdade de Educação Física. Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil.

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Publicado
05-07-2018
Como Citar
1.
Lopes W, Porto F, Cavaglieri C. Efeito do treinamento físico sobre a inflamação crônica em jovens obesos: uma revisão sistemática. RBAFS [Internet]. 5jul.2018 [citado 22jul.2018];22(6):501-1. Available from: http://www.rbafs.org.br/RBAFS/article/view/8052
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Artigos de Revisão