Effects of community-based interventions on physical activity levels: systematic review
Palavras-chave:Physical activity, Adult, Public health, Randomized controlled trial, Review
Com o objetivo de avaliar os efeitos de intervenções comunitárias nos níveis de atividade física (AF) em adultos, em dezembro de 2017 foi desenvolvida uma revisão sistemática, buscando ensaios controlados randomizados (ECR) comunitários com intervenções voltadas à promoção da AF avaliadas por métodos objetivos em amostras de adultos. Ao todo, nove ECR compuseram a síntese descritiva. A maioria dos ECR foi direcionada às pessoas inativas e mulheres. Considerando o número de passos por dia, quatro das cinco intervenções apresentaram resultados estatisticamente positivos. Em relação aos níveis de AF moderadas e vigorosas, duas de cinco intervenções apresentaram resultados potenciais. A maioria das intervenções foi baseada em atividades educacionais como práticas de aconselhamento, visitas domiciliares e chamadas telefônicas. Em conclusão, a maioria dos estudos incluídos mostrou o potencial das intervenções comunitárias ao aumento do número de passos por dia. É importante que futuros estudos debatam estratégias operacionais das intervenções, como o aconselhamento e visitas domiciliares.
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