Sleep, sedentary behavior and physical activity: changes on children’s routine during the COVID-19

Autores

  • Luís Carlos Barbosa Silva Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8760-1014
  • Cinthya Rafaella Magalhães da Nóbrega Novaes Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4795-6328
  • Ronaldo Alexandre de Lima Júnior Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7460-3398
  • Bruno Barbosa Giudicelli Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil.
  • Arnaldo Tenório da Cunha Júnior Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil.
  • Maria Cecília Marinho Tenório Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins Federal University of Paraíba, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4947-9329
  • Rafael Miranda Tassitano Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12820/rbafs.25e0143

Palavras-chave:

Coronavirus infections, Sleep, Sedentary behavior, Physical activity, Children

Resumo

O isolamento social foi adotado como estratégia para reduzir a velocidade de transmissão da síndrome respiratória aguda grave de coronavírus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) em vários países do mundo, incluindo o Brasil. Como resultado, as escolas foram fechadas e as rotinas das crianças alteradas, afetando o sono, o comportamento sedentário e a atividade física. O presente estudo tem como objetivo comparar a rotina semanal das crianças e o tempo dispendido em sono, comportamento sedentário e atividade física antes e durante a pandemia da doença coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19). Estudo de caráter transversal e com abordagem quanti-qualitativa, com 120 pais, mães ou responsáveis de crianças de 5 a 10 anos de ambos os sexos, matriculadas em 5 escolas de tempo integral de Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brasil. Foram realizadas duas entrevistas, no período de 27 de Maio à 05 de Junho, abordando os aspectos do sono, comportamento sedentário e atividade física antes e durante a pandemia, a fim de atender o objetivo de pesquisa. Na análise dos dados quantitativos foi realizado o teste t de amostra emparelhada, já para os dados qualitativos foi utilizada a análise do discurso. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas (p < 0,05) na rotina e no tempo de sono (aumento de 10%), no tempo de tela (aumento de 36%) antes vs durante a pandemia de COVID-19, em dias de semana e finais de semana. Foi observada também uma redução na prática de atividade física (54%). Portanto, os achados indicam comportamentos durante a pandemia de COVID-19 que podem ser prejudiciais à saúde das crianças e a escola pode ser um ambiente social importante na proteção a exposição de tais condutas.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Governo do Estado de Alagoas. Decreto 69.541, de 18 de Março de 2020. [citado em 2020 jul 17]. Disponível em: http://www.imprensaoficialal.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/DOEAL-20_03_2020-SUPLEMENTO.pdf.

Tremblay MS, Chaput JP, Adamo KB, Aubert S, Barnes JD, Choquete L, et al. Canadian 24-hour Movement Guidelines for the early years (0-4 years): An integration of physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(5):874-89.

Chaput JP, Carson V, Gray CE, Tremblay MS. Importance of all movement behaviors in a 24 hour period for overall health. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014;11(12):12575-81.

Lesser IA, Nienhuis CP. The Impact of COVID-19 on Physical Activity Behavior and Well-Being of Canadians. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(11):3899-11.

Moore SA, Faulkner G, Rhodes RE, Brussoni M, Chulak-Bozzer T, Ferguson LJ, et al. Impact of the COVID-19 virus outbreak on movement and play behaviours of Canadian children and youth: a national survey. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2020;17(85):1-11.

Tarp J, Child A, White T, Westgate K, Bugge A, Grontved A, et al. Physical activity intensity, bout-duration, and cardiometabolic risk markers in children and adolescents. Int J Obes. 2018;42(9):1639-50.

Mostafavi R, Ziaee V, Akbari H, Haji-Hosseini S. The effects of spark physical education program on fundamental motor skills in 4-6 year-old children. Iran J Pediatr. 2013;23(2):216-19.

Carson V, Lee E, Hewitt L, Jennings C, Hunter S, Kuzik N, et al. Systematic review of the relationships between physical activity and health indicators in the early years (0-4 years). BMC Public Health. 2017;17(Suppl 5):33-63.

Brazendale K, Beets MW, Weaver RG, Pate RR, Turner-McGrievy GM, Kaczynski AT, et al. Understanding differences between summer vs school obesogenic behaviors of children: the structured days hypothesis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2017;14(100):1-14.

Howe CA, Freedson PS, Alhassan S, Feldman HA, Osganian SK, et al. A recess intervention to promote moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Pediatr. Obes. 2012;7(1):82-8.

Ramstetter CL, Murray R, Garner AS. The crucial role of recess in Schools. J School Health. 2010;80(11):517-26.

IBGE. Síntese de indicadores sociais: uma análise das condições de vida da população brasileira: 2019. Rio de Janeiro: IBGE, 2019. [citado em 2020 ago 24]. Disponível em: https://biblioteca.ibge.gov.br/visualizacao/livros/liv101678.pdf.

Braun V, Clarke V. Using the matic analysis in psychology. Qualit Res Psych. 2006;3(2):77-101.

Cumming SP, Brown DJ, Mitchell S, Bunce J, Hunt D, Hedges C, et al. Premier League academy soccer players experiences of competing in a tournament bio-banded for biological maturation. J Sports Sciences. 2018;36(7):757-65.

Michels N, De Henauw S, Eiben G, Hadjigeorgiou C, Hense S, Hunsberger M, et al. Effect of the IDEFICS multilevel obesity prevention on children’s sleep duration. Obes Rev. 2015;16(S2):68-77.

Chaput JP. Is sleep deprivation a contributor to obesity in children?. Eat weight disord. 2016;21(1):5-11.

Wiggs L, Sparrowhawk M, Barnett AL. Parent report and actigraphically defined sleep in children with and without developmental coordination disorder; links with fatigue and sleepiness. Front Pediatr. 2016;4(81):1-14.

Brazendale K, Beets MW, Turner-McGrievy GM, Kaczynnski AT, Pate RR, Weaver RG. Children’s obesogenic behaviors during summer versus school: A within-person comparison. J School Health. 2018;88(12):886-92.

Jago R, Thompson JL, Sebire SJ, Wood L, Pool L, Zahra J, et al. Cross-sectional associations between the screen-time of parents and young children: differences by parent and child gender and day of the week. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014;11(54):1-8.

Santaliestra-Pasías AM, Mouratidou T, Verbestel V, Bammann K, Molnar D, Sieri S, et al. Physical activity and sedentary behaviour in European children: the IDEFICS study. Public Health Nutr. 2014;17(10):2295-06.

Brooke HL, Corder K, Atkin AJ, Van Sluijs EMF. A systematic literature review with meta-analyses of within and between day differences in objectively measured physical activity in school aged children. Sports Med. 2014;44(10):1427-38.

Atkin AJ, Sharp SJ, Harrison F, Brage S, Van Sluijs, EMF. Seasional variation in children’s physical activity and sedentary time. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016;48(3):449-56.

Bezerra TA, Clark CCT, Filho ANS, Fortes LS, Mota JAPS, Duncan MJ, et. al. 24-hour movement behaviour and executive function in preschoolers: a compositional and isotemporal reallocation analysis. Eur J Sport Sci. 2020;17:1-9.

Martins CML, Clark CCT, Bandeira PFR, Mota J, Duncan MJ. Association between compliance with the 24-hour movement guidelines and fundamental movement skills in preschoolers: A network perspective. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(15):5443.

Chaput JP, Saunders TJ, Carson V. Interactions between sleep, movement and other non-movement behaviours in the pathogenesis of childhood obesity. Obes Rev. 2017;18(1):7-14.

Downloads

Publicado

2020-11-09

Como Citar

1.
Silva LCB, Novaes CRM da N, Lima Júnior RA de, Giudicelli BB, Cunha Júnior AT da, Tenório MCM, Martins CM de L, Tassitano RM. Sleep, sedentary behavior and physical activity: changes on children’s routine during the COVID-19. Rev. Bras. Ativ. Fís. Saúde [Internet]. 9º de novembro de 2020 [citado 16º de maio de 2022];25:1-9. Disponível em: https://www.rbafs.org.br/RBAFS/article/view/14415

Edição

Seção

Artigos Originais