Effects of a randomized controlled study on the behaviors of overweight schoolchildren

Autores

  • Anastácio Neco de Souza Filho Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Departamento de Educação Física, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0724-4513
  • Thaynã Alves Bezerra Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Departamento de Educação Física, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3296-4747
  • Paulo Felipe Ribeiro Bandeira Universidade Regional do Cariri, Departamento de Educação Física, Crato, Ceará, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8260-0189
  • Luciana Gatto Azevedo Cabral Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Departamento de Educação Física, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil.
  • José Fernando Vila Nova de Moraes Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Colegiado de Educação Física, Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7394-7700
  • Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Colegiado de Educação Física, Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4947-9329
  • Ferdinando Oliveira Carvalho Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Colegiado de Educação Física, Petrolina, Pernambuco, Brasil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12820/rbafs.26e0221

Palavras-chave:

Escolares, Excesso de peso, Atividade física, Comportamento sedentário

Resumo

Este estudo objetivou analisar o efeito de uma intervenção multicomponente de base-escolar sobre os níveis de atividade física (AF) e comportamento sedentário (CS) mensurados por acelerômetro, de escolares com sobrepeso. Trata-se de um estudo controlado randomizado com escolares sobrepesados alocadas em grupo experimental (GE; n = 13; 7,6 ± 0,8 anos; 42,9% meninos) e grupo controle (GC; n = 17; 8,2 ± 0,9 anos; 26,7% meninos). O GE foi submetido a uma intervenção escolar de 10 semanas, composta por sessões de AF e psicológica (terapia comportamental) e orientação nutricional. O GC seguiu a rotina diária de vida. O tempo de AF e o CS foram medidos por meio de acelerômetros, utilizados durante sete dias. Para comparar o tempo médio de CS, atividade física moderada a vigorosa (AFMV) e atividade física total (AFT), foram utilizadas equações de estimativa generalizadas (GEE). Observou-se que o tempo médio em AFMV e AFT aumentaram significativamente no GE no fim de semana (+ 40,9 min / dia, p < 0,001; e + 51,6 min/dia, p = 0,035, respectivamente) e na semana inteira (+ 62,9 min / dia, p < 0,001; e + 225,0 min/dia, p = 0,038, respectivamente). Não houve diferença significativa no tempo gasto em CS após a intervenção em ambos os grupos. Assim, conclui-se que uma intervenção multicomponente de base escolar proposta foi eficaz no aumento dos níveis de AFMV e AFT em escolares com sobrepeso. Esse achado pode otimizar futuras intervenções em promover um estilo de vida saudável de crianças no âmbito escolar.

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Publicado

2021-08-10

Como Citar

1.
Souza Filho AN de, Bezerra TA, Bandeira PFR, Cabral LGA, Moraes JFVN de, Martins CM de L, Carvalho FO. Effects of a randomized controlled study on the behaviors of overweight schoolchildren. Rev. Bras. Ativ. Fís. Saúde [Internet]. 10º de agosto de 2021 [citado 19º de janeiro de 2022];26:1-8. Disponível em: https://www.rbafs.org.br/RBAFS/article/view/14583

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